Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid) repeats at the head of the municipalities with more than 2,000 inhabitants with the highest average annual income per person, with an average in 2020 of 26,008 euros. These data are extracted from the Household Income Distribution Atlas (ADRH), which provides income level and distribution indicators per person and household, completing this information with demographic indicators. For the preparation of income indicators, the National Institute of Statistics uses data from the Tax Agency and the Provincial Treasury, ascribing the income to the place where the recipient resides.
Behind the Madrid municipality, Matadepera, in Catalonia, with 22,806 euros, completes the national podium of cities with the highest annual income; and Boadilla del Monte, Madrid, with 22,224 euros per year.
Between Catalonia and the Community of Madrid they occupy 9 of the top 10 municipalities with the highest income in Spain. Only Getxo (Basque Country) manages to break this statistic and position itself as the tenth richest municipality in Spain.
On the other side of the coin and far removed from these data are El Palmar de Troya (Andalusia), with 6,785 euros, Iznalloz (Andalusia), with 7,036 euros, and Albuñol (Andalusia), with 7,061 euros per year on average.
Basque Country, the richest region
By geographical location, the Basque Country stands out, where 88.8% of its municipalities are among the 25% with the highest income in Spain (above 13,637 euros) followed by Catalonia, with 49.1%.
At the opposite extreme are Andalusia, where 83.3% of its municipalities are among the 25% of municipalities with the lowest income (below 10,393 euros) and Extremadura (83.0%).
The provincial capitals with a higher percentage of census tracts with a very high average annual net income per inhabitant (above the last income decile) are Donostia/San Sebastián (57.6%), Girona (41.0%) and Madrid (39.8%).
On the contrary, Guadalajara (3.4%), Huelva (2.8%) and Pontevedra (1.6%) present the lowest percentages of very rich census sections.
For their part, the provincial capitals with the highest percentage of sections with very low average annual net income per inhabitant (below the first income decile) are Melilla (31.8%), Ceuta (25.0%) and Alicante. / Alicante (22.9%).
It should be noted that there are 11 provincial capitals that do not have any census section at the low end of average income per inhabitant.
in the antipodes
As a whole, 62.2% of the population in the Basque Country lives in high-income census tracts, while in the case of Extremadura this percentage is 7.6%.
By contrast, 59.5% of the population in Andalusia lives in low-income census tracts. In the Basque Country, this percentage stands at 1.1%.